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dc.contributor.advisorHalladay, Carolyn C.
dc.contributor.authorPerkins, Alexander M.
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-13T22:46:54Z
dc.date.available2019-02-13T22:46:54Z
dc.date.issued2018-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/61246
dc.descriptionApproved for public release. distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractAmericans were largely surprised when the intelligence community revealed that Russia had launched a widespread influence operation focused on the 2016 U.S. presidential election. With their high-tech, social-media focus, these practices struck many as a newly implemented tactic against the United States. However, throughout the Cold War, the Soviet Union developed and deployed influence operations—then called "active measures"—against the United States and its allies. During the last decade of the Cold War, the United States actively and systematically combatted this threat. But with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, active measures seemed to fade into history as well. This thesis argues that Russia has reincarnated this Cold War relic and is using active measures throughout the world to advance its strategic interests, especially in its post-Soviet space. Russia is utilizing 21st-century technology to gain access to Western populations and sow discord, distrust, and disorder. Thus, this thesis examines the Soviet-era active measures, the U.S. Cold War countermeasures, and Russian active measures today to make recommendations on ways to counter this form of malevolent influence. This thesis finds that the United States should organize purposefully and consistently to counter Russian active measures, educate the American public to increase its resiliency against foreign influence, and intensify its strategic public diplomacy efforts throughout Europe.en_US
dc.publisherMonterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleSOVIET ACTIVE MEASURES REBORN FOR THE 21ST CENTURY: WHAT IS TO BE DONE?en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderTsypkin, Mikhail
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairs (NSA)
dc.subject.authorRussiaen_US
dc.subject.authorSoviet Unionen_US
dc.subject.authoractive measuresen_US
dc.subject.authorUnited Statesen_US
dc.subject.authorcountermeasuresen_US
dc.subject.authorinfluence operationsen_US
dc.subject.authorand Cold Waren_US
dc.description.serviceFirst Lieutenant, United States Air Forceen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Arts in Security Studies (Europe and Eurasia)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studies (Europe and Eurasia)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.identifier.thesisid30564


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