RUSSIAN NAVAL ACTIVITY IN THE MEDITERRANEAN: RESPONSIVE SHIFTS IN FRENCH, ITALIAN, AND SPANISH PERSPECTIVES AND POLICIES
Cole, Timothy S., II
Yost, David S.
MetadataShow full item record
NATO’s southern flank has been exposed to a wide range of threats and challenges from Middle Eastern and North African instability, including terrorism, illegal trafficking, and mass migration. Against this backdrop, since 2008, Russia has increased its Mediterranean naval activity to levels not observed since the Cold War. This thesis investigates the extent to which the perceptions and policies of France, Italy, and Spain have shifted in response to Russia’s expanded Mediterranean presence. Although its naval presence was once considered a low-priority threat, Russia’s recent behavior has led to some significant changes in the perceptions and security policies of these Allies. Greater attention to this Mediterranean naval challenge has been consistent with the intensification of Russian military aggression, and these Allies increasingly share Alliance concerns about Russia’s conventional military threat. However, immediate nontraditional security issues remain a more urgent priority, a circumstance that limits the extent to which these Allies are willing to regard Russia’s naval presence as a threat. While both unilateral and multilateral initiatives have been steps toward improving security and stability in the Mediterranean, these Allies continue to seek the right set of measures needed to address this dynamic environment.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Martz, Ashleigh G. (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2020-12);Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia’s assessment of the changes in the strategic security environment has prompted an evolving approach to, and definition of, strategic deterrence and comprehensive military ...
Owens, Donald R. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1992-12);The recent atmosphere of cooperation in the United Nations (UN) has resulted in many nations, including the Russian Federation, proposing increases in the scope and nature of security missions that the UN should undertake. ...
Martel, Albert M. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2015-03);Many observers in NATO and European Union (EU) countries hold that Russia is attempting to challenge the increasing Western influence in Central and Eastern Europe and reassert itself as a regional and global superpower. ...