Using agent-based distillations to explore logistics support to urban, humanitarian assistance/disaster relief operations

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Authors
Wolf, Eric S.
Subjects
Advisors
Sanchez, Susan M.
Goerger, Niki
Date of Issue
2003-09
Date
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
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Abstract
There are two motivations for studying Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief (HA/DR) operations. First, the Marine Corps will be a first-responder in the future. Second, logistics support takes on a primary role. This thesis identifies the potential for using agent-based models to support logistical decision-making in an urban, HA/DR environment. We develop a simulation using Map Aware Non-uniform Automata (MANA). Our scenario depicts a relief convoy with security attachment, operating on urban terrain. The convoy moves to an HA/DR site where they distribute food to neutrals (locals) who have made their way to that site. We couple data farming with a Latin Hypercube design of experiment to explore very large data space. Forty variables are identified. We establish 640 different design settings and each setting is replicated 50 times producing a 32,000-point dataset. We use regression to fit several models. The conclusions from this thesis suggest: coupling intelligent designs with data farming is effective at exploring large data space; mission success in HA/DR operations may depend on only a handful of factors; understanding local communications is the key to mission success; success cannot be determined based solely on the factors the convoy controls.
Type
Thesis
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Department
Operations Research
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Format
xxii, 146 p. : col. ill. ;
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Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
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This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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