DISTRIBUTED ENERGY STORAGE DESIGN AND MODELING TO IMPROVE THE ENERGY SECURITY OF NAVAL FACILITIES
Nussbaum, Daniel A.
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Energy security for naval facilities is of strategic importance. Energy security is characterized by the ability to supply critical loads reliably, indefinitely, economically, and in an environmentally friendly manner (sustainably), which enables full-time mission support. Combining renewable resources and, specifically, the emerging technology of photovoltaics (PV) with a battery storage system is considered a proven approach to providing energy security and serves as the basis of this research. Most available design tools focus on the design of grid-tied or hybrid renewable power systems. The development of a user-friendly design tool for accurately sizing a stand-alone power system to meet the critical load demands of a naval, commercial/industrial, or even a residential facility is presented in this thesis. The tool complies with both IEEE Standards 1562 and 1013. In addition to these guidelines, the developed tool considers important factors that both standards should address in their future revisions. Several case studies, which were simulated using a Simulink model based on the output of the design program, validate the design software. Finally, we successfully conducted 24-hour laboratory experiments, the results of which confirmed the simulations as well as the accuracy of the sizing methodology; this is a feature that many sizing programs lack.
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