OPTIMIZING RESOURCE AUGMENTATION FOR WILDLAND FIRES
Scholz, Zachary T.
Koyak, Robert A.
Brown, Gerald G.
MetadataShow full item record
During December 2017, the Los Angeles County Fire Department (LACoFD) responded to an unprecedented number of wildland fires spanning thousands of square miles within the county. While most of the fires were successfully contained, several caused widespread catastrophic damage. During red flag (high-risk) days, LACoFD currently uses augmented staffing, either by moving on-duty equipment and personnel, or mobilizing those who are off duty to reduce response time. Operational duty chiefs make these augmentation decisions based on current weather conditions and experience. This thesis develops regression models to estimate the probability and potential burned acreage of wildland fires in each of 21 sub-areas in the county. Then, a budget-constrained optimization model reassigns resources between sub-areas in order to minimize expected population displacement due to wildland fire. A comparison of these automated techniques with those manual decisions made during December 2017 reveals significant improvements to augmented staffing that can be made at a lower cost.
Approved for public release. distribution is unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Young, Brian (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2018-06);Wildland fires are an enduring homeland security threat that destroys lives, property, and the environment annually. This thesis explores the concept that the application of the intelligence cycle is a practical approach ...
Photoacoustic insight for aerosol light absorption aloft from meteorological aircraft and comparison with particle soot absorption photometer measurements: DOE Southern Great Plains climate research facility and the coastal stratocumulus imposed perturbation experiments Arnott, W. Patrick; Walker, John W.; Moosmüller, Hans; Elleman, Robert A.; Jonsson, Haflidi H.; Buzorius, Gintautas; Conant, William C.; Flagan, Richard C.; Seinfeld, John H (2006);Aerosol light absorption can be intense close to local sources such as wildland and oil fires, with smoke that disperses into the boundary layer and, with enough lift, into the upper atmosphere where it may be transported ...
Bleakney, Eric M. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2009-09);This thesis examines the national preparedness to conduct catastrophic incident search and rescue (SAR) using organization-specific doctrine, concept plans, congressional research reports and testimonies, after action ...