A house divided the decline and fall of Masyumi (1950-1956)
Lucius, Robert E.
Robinson, Glenn E.
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis analyzes the rise and fall of Masyumi during the era of the provisional parliament in Indonesia (1950-1956). As the largest of the pre-Suharto Islamic political parties in a country with an overwhelming Muslim majority, Masyumi was poised in 1955 to achieve political ascendancy, and thus to achieve its primary objective of establishing an Islamic state. Ultimately, Masyumi's leaders failed to unify Indonesian Muslims, and they consequently lost much of their moral and political authority. In an important demonstration of the malleability of Islamic and ethnic identity politics, Masyumi's struggle was eventually submerged within a greater struggle by the Javanese to assert cultural hegemony over the entire Indonesian archipelago. This thesis describes Masyumi's role in precipitating not only its own fall, but also in helping to bring about the collapse of Indonesia's first attempt at parliamentary democracy. Indonesia's Islamist past contains many important lessons for US policymakers dealing with this largest of all Muslim countries, particularly in light of the war on terror. Understanding the contingent and variable nature of Masyumi's Islamic politics can help shed light on the present ideological battles in Indonesia.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
USING SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS TO INFORM AN EFFECTIVE APPROACH TO COUNTER RADICAL ISLAMIC GROUPS IN INDONESIA Wardana, I Made W. (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2022-03);Violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism (VERLT) by radical Islamic groups is a significant issue in Indonesia: their objective is to change the republic of Indonesia to an Islamic state and to enforce ...
Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia Nagy, Sandra L. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1996-12);This is a study of Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia. Islamic fundamentalism is defined as the return to the foundations and principles of Islam including all movements based on the desire to create a more Islamic society. ...
The influence of Islam in the military: comparative study of Malaysia, Indonesia and Pakistan Khairan, Ab Razak bin Mohd (Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2004-03);Islam permeated throughout the military institutions of Malaysia, Pakistan and Indonesia and replaced the Western and foreign military cultures the military had inherited due to society becoming Islamized following the ...