BENEFITS OF UTILIZING PROCEDURAL JUSTICE PRINCIPLES IN HIRING AND TRAINING OFFICERS
Boe, Theodore A.
Miller, Patrick E.
Halladay, Carolyn C.
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Policing is at a critical point in its history, with ever-increasing expectations on law enforcement and evidence of mistrust among the communities they serve, particularly in communities of color. Negative encounters between police and community members are symptoms of mistrust, sometimes manifesting in acts of violence both by and against police. Trust and willingness to comply with police are linked to the community’s perception of legitimacy in the institution, which is reduced when interactions between the police and public go badly. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze how incorporating procedural justice principles in hiring and training will encourage active community engagement and increased minority representation in law enforcement, resulting in increased legitimacy and decreased negative encounters with citizens. This thesis looks at several real-world examples of procedural justice in action, demonstrating the ability of the key principles—voice, transparency, fairness, and impartiality—to increase trust and reduce the frequency of negative encounters between the community and law enforcement.
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