DEMIGODS WITH RED STRIPES OR HEIRS OF WILLIAM TELL? THE GENERAL STAFF'S ROLE IN A DEMOCRACY: THE GERMAN REICH AND SWITZERLAND
Amigo, Enric F.
MetadataShow full item record
From 1933 to 1945, the respective general staffs of Germany and Switzerland took two different paths in civil-military relations in German-speaking Europe. Whereas the German general staff did not prevent or substantially impede the rise of Hitler and his repressive policies, the Swiss counterpart constituted a fundamental pillar of liberal, democratic constitutional and institutional civilian control of armed forces. The study of these two siblings provides historical insights into the effects of liberal democratic values on military bodies in comparison to authoritarian views. The primary research question addressed is: How do liberal values and democratic civilian control affect the general staff’s role in a democracy in a time of domestic and international crisis? The author defines the liberal values of the general staff officers (endogenous factor) and the civilian control of democracy over its armed forces (exogenous factor) as independent variables, and the role of a general staff within a democracy as the dependent variable. The comparison of the two states’ general staffs from 1933 to 1945 emphasizes that liberal principles and the conviction of a democratic civilian authority as having moral primacy prevents a powerful military entity from becoming a mortician of democracy. This concept of moral primacy must be implanted within the hearts and minds of future general staff officers far earlier than at the start of military education.
RightsCopyright is reserved by the copyright owner.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
THE GERMAN PARLIAMENTARY COMMISSIONER OF THE FEDERAL ARMED FORCES: FROM CONSTITUTIONAL WATCHDOG OF THE INNERE FÜHRUNG TO CONVENTIONAL MILITARY LOBBYIST Luetsch, Kai Christoph (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2019-06);This thesis covers the development of the German Parliamentary Commissioner of the armed forces, the Wehrbeauftragten des Deutschen Bundestages, who has by law the obligation to oversee the military. The Commissioner is ...
The nation and the soldier in German civil-military relations, 1800-1945 Brumley, Donald W. (Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2005-12);This study of civil-military relations treats the parallel development of: a.) the professional soldier and the Prussian- German army in the era from 1806 until 1945, as well as; b.) the rise of nationalism in central ...
Kurt von Schleicher the soldier and politics in the run-up to national socialism: a case study of civil-military relations Bitter, Alexander B. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2013-06);This thesis analyzes the political role of the German General Staff as well as civil-military relations in Germany from the late 19th century until 1933. Specifically, it examines the rise and fall of Kurt von Schleicher. ...