MEASUREMENTS OF ACOUSTIC SCATTERING FROM ROCKY OUTCROPS IN MONTEREY BAY
Gruber, Jenillee A.
MacMahan, James H.
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Acoustic measurements were made off Asilomar Beach using a 200kHz split-beam echosounder. The scattering cross section was estimated using the acoustic data collected and the sonar equation. Two methods were used to estimate the grazing angle from the split-beam angle data; a flat bottom assumption and estimated bottom slopes from split-beam angle data. Scattering strength measurements demonstrated an increase as grazing angle increased and spatial variability due to bottom roughness. Scattering strength for 40 degree grazing angle ranged between -37 and -32 dB for flat bottom assumptions and -30 to -27 dB for estimated bottom slopes. The flat bottom assumption achieved an angular range of 40-65 degrees while the estimated bottom slope achieved an angular range of 10-65 degrees. Both cases were fit to Lambert's Law, with the estimated bottom slope having a Lambert parameter between -24 and -22 dB, compared to the flat bottom assumption Lambert parameters of -29 to -27 dB. Estimated bottom slopes were then qualitatively compared to high-resolution bathymetric data and were found to be in agreement. This indicates that a split-beam echosounder can be used as a remote sensing tool to estimate bottom slope features. The findings presented indicate that seafloor slope estimates from a split-beam transducer can be integrated into bottom scattering strength methods to provide improved measurements compared to flat bottom assumptions when making measurements in very rough areas.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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