What Is Six Hours Worth? The Impact of Lead Time on Tropical-Storm Preparation Decisions
Regnier, Eva D.
MetadataShow full item record
Emergency managers must make high-stakes decisions regarding preparation for tropical storms when there is still considerable uncertainty regarding the storm’s impacts. Forecast quality improves as lead time until the forecast events declines. Reducing the lead time required for preparation decisions can substantially improve the quality of forecasts available for decision making and thereby, reduce the expected total costs of preparations plus storm damage. Measures of forecast quality are only indirectly linked to their value in preparation decisions and changes in the parameters of those decisions—in particular lead time. This paper provides decision-relevant measures of the quality of recent National Hurricane Center forecasts from the 2014–2018 seasons, which can be used to evaluate reductions in decision lead time in terms of false alarm rate, missed detections, and expected annual costs. For decision makers in some regions with decision lead times of 48–72 hours—typical for evacuation decisions—every 6-hour reduction in required lead time can reduce the false alarm rate by more than 10%.
The article of record as published may be found at https://doi.org/10.1287/deca.2019.0396
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Regnier, Eva; Harr, Patrick A. (2006-10);The decision to prepare for an oncoming hurricane is typically framed as a static cost:loss problem, based on a strike-probability forecast. The value of waiting for updated forecasts is therefore neglected. In this paper, ...
Christopherson, Sean R. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2017-06);The Marine Forces Reserve Headquarters Training Centers (MFRHTC) located along the southeastern United States coastline must make timely and appropriate decisions regarding hurricane preparation operations when they are ...
Regnier, Eva D.; Harr, Patrick (AMS, 2006);At the lead times required to complete a sortie, evacuation, or other preparation, the future track of a tropical cyclone is uncertain. The decision whether and when to prepare is based on a forecast and information about ...