WHY DO RADICAL INSURGENTS JOIN MAINSTREAM POLITICS? A CASE STUDY OF THE MAOIST INSURGENCY OF NEPAL
Chatterjee, Anshu N.
MetadataShow full item record
The Maoist insurgency of Nepal, which lasted from 1996 to 2006, was a major communist armed insurrection that cost more than 13,000 lives and brought a significant change to Nepal’s historical political structure. This insurgency ended after the Maoists entered the mainstream politics of the country in 2006, but questions remain on why they decided to join democratic politics. Understanding this outcome is important because it provides insights into how insurgencies are resolved. Using a qualitative method, this thesis analyzes the roles of Nepal’s domestic political parties, its monarch, and the international community in bringing the Maoist into mainstream politics. This investigation reveals that as a result of the changing domestic and international political scenario surrounding the insurgency, Maoists were forced to modify their strategy and join mainstream politics. Nepal’s Maoist insurgency reveals the importance of pursuing a counterinsurgency approach that combines political and military measures, rather than excessive use of force that benefits the rebels as demonstrated in the earlier period of the insurrection. The state’s acknowledgement of the Maoists’ agendas and its willingness to engage in power sharing and constitutional amendment were keys that guided the insurgents toward mainstream politics.
RightsCopyright is reserved by the copyright owner.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A rationale for the outcomes of insurgencies: a comparison case study between insurgencies in Peru and Nepal Thapa, Manoj (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2014-12);The left-wing insurgency in Peru waged by the Shining Path, or Sendero Luminoso (SL), and the Maoist insurgency in Nepal launched by the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN(M)) have impacted their respective states and societies. ...
Explaining the success of the Nepal Communist Partymaoist (NCP-M) a comparison of the Maoist insurgencies in the 21st century Poudyal, Shantosh B. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2010-12);The dramatic rise and relative political success of the Nepal Communist Party-Maoist (NCP-M), calls into question the conventional explanations for the success or failure of violent Maoist insurgencies in the current ...
Upadhyay, Ashish Prasad (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2017-03);The thesis argues that the Maoist-led government in post-insurgency Nepal has failed to deliver on the promises of reform that brought it to power. The long-enduring social and economic grievances based on the Nepali Hindu ...