Publication:
The Strategic Alternatives of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Disruption of Maritime Traffic in the Arabian Gulf as a result of Iranian Threats to Close the Strait of Hormuz.

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Authors
Al-Kaabi, Mohamed K.
Subjects
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
Strait of Hormuz
Arabian Gulf
United Nations Convention on the Law Of the Sea (UNCLOS)
global trade
maritime shipping
OPEC
Petrodollar
Oil revenue
sea lines of communication (SLOC)
global interdependency
Disruption
territorial sea
innocent passage
transit passage
Iranian Revolution
Hegemony
Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
nuclear weapons
fragile stability
Khaleejism Al-Khaljanah in Arabic
collective security
Joint Defense Agreement
Peninsula Force Shield
Maritime security
alliance.
Advisors
Looney, Robert E.
Kadhim, Abbas
Date of Issue
2012-03
Date
Mar-12
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
The Arabian Gulf is a strategically significant region of the world with regard to the global energy supply chain as well as maritime trade and commerce. For the past three decades, the region and Strait of Hormuz, in particular, have witnessed major crisis, wars, and foreign intervention which lead to undermine the stability, peace, and security of the region. Since the collapse of Saddams regime, Iran found propitious opportunity to pursue a regional hegemony. In the name of its national security, nuclear ambitions, and protection of its self-interests, Iran has repeatedly threatened international passage, disrupted maritime shipping and interrupted oil flow through the Strait of Hormuz. On the other side, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has pursued a collective security approach to achieve balanced outcomes ensuring free oil flow, supporting stability, and maintaining security in this region. Despite these efforts, the situation remains tumultuous, confrontational and uncertain; therefore, the GCC must consider strategic alternatives to establish regional balance of power, achieve a sustainable stability, and ensure security in the Arabian Gulf region.
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Thesis
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Department
National Security Studies (Middle East, South Asia, And Sub-saharan Africa)
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