TACHISTOSCOPE ON A VIRTUAL REALITY PLATFORM TO IMPROVE MEMORIZATION AND INCREASE RAPID RECOGNITION
Pugh, Brian T.
Liston, Dorion, NPS
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This work investigates whether a tachistoscope on a virtual reality (VR) platform can increase one’s ability to memorize and rapidly recognize objects. Theses abilities are relevant to an array of military requirements. Current procedures mostly utilize flash cards and PowerPoint slides. A tachistoscope (ta-kiss-stow-scope) is an image-flashing device with precise control of the image presentation time. Since the early 1900s they were used to assist with memorization and recognition. One famous example is work done by Renshaw in the 1940s to improve pilots’ ability to recognize tanks, aircraft, and ships (Renshaw, 1945). Our study utilized this technique on modern-day VR and computer platforms. It simplified the use of a tachistoscope and will enable units to customize training packages. This study trained individuals to recognize 40 aircraft over eight training sessions. Training session one began with ten aircraft, and five aircraft were added in each subsequent session. Questions captured three variables: correct/incorrect answer, reaction time, and confidence. Participants were in one of three groups: tachistoscope on a VR platform, tachistoscope on laptop, or computer-based flashcard (control). Results indicate a significant increase in memorization from pretest to posttest for all groups. Furthermore, there was a nonsignificant improvement in reaction time from pretest to posttest across all groups.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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