NATIONAL IDENTITY AND NATIONALISM IN TAIWAN
Lousche, Joseph R.
Mabry, Tristan J.
Meyskens, Covell F.
MetadataShow full item record
Relations between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China are of critical importance to the national interests and security of the United States. Periods of increased tension have coincided with political transitions in Taiwan and are tied to relative levels of support for Taiwanese national self-determination and independence. This thesis examines the changing nature of national identity in Taiwan, from the Japanese occupation to the present. The thesis reviews historical events, policy initiatives, political rhetoric, and survey data to identify both ethnic and civic forms of nationalism present in Taiwan; ethnic nationalism is tied to a distinct common culture and heritage whereas civic nationalism is tied to shared political ideals that transcend ethnicity. The research finds that an ethnic Taiwanese identity emerged under Japanese colonial rule (1895–1945) and coalesced under the administration of the authoritarian Kuomintang (KMT) that fled the mainland in 1949. This rendered a divide between those who identified as Taiwanese and those who identified with the people of mainland China. However, following a period of rapid democratization, Taiwanese identity is becoming increasingly civic in nature, based on a shared respect for democratic ideals. This has significant implications for the prospect of reunification with the mainland where democracy is antithetical to the Chinese Communist Party.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
TAIWANESE NATIONAL IDENTITY, CROSS-STRAIT ECONOMIC RELATIONS, AND THE THREAT OF THE PEOPLE'S LIBERATION ARMY: EXAMINING TAIWAN'S RELATIONS WITH MAINLAND CHINA SINCE 2000 Chao, Kevin (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2020-09);This thesis examines the impacts of national identity, cross-strait economic relations, and the security threat of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) on Taiwan's relationship with mainland China since 2000. Analyzing primary ...
Newberry, David A. (Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2005-03);Since 1988, democracy in Taiwan has evolved and developed a great deal. Experts argue whether this growth constitutes "democratic consolidation" but there is no contention of the idea that the ROC is more democratic now ...
Donovan, Joseph R., Jr. (Monterey, California : Naval Postgraduate School, 1993-09);It is unlikely that the fast growing relationship between Taiwan and the China mainland will lead to political re-unification. The operational codes of new leaders in Taipei and Beijing will be shaped by the distinct forces ...