Publication:
Railways, Development, and Literacy in India

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Authors
Chaudhary, Latika
Fenske, James
Subjects
Advisors
Date of Issue
2023
Date
Publisher
University of Warwick
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Abstract
We study the effect of railroads, the single largest public investment in colonial India, on human capital. Using district-level data on literacy and two different identification strategies, we find railroads had positive effects on literacy, in particular on male and English literacy. We show that railroads increased literacy by raising secondary and elite primary, rather than vernacular primary schooling. Our mediation analysis suggests that non-agricultural income, urbanisation, and opportunities for skilled employment are important mechanisms, while agricultural income is not.
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Manuscript
Description
The article of record as published may be found at http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/173159
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Organization
Naval Postgraduate School
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NPS Report Number
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Format
41 p.
Citation
Chaudhary, Latika, and James Fenske. "Railways, development, and literacy in India." Journal of Economic History (2023).
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This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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