SUPPORTING COMBINED ARMS MILITARY DECISION-MAKING PROCESS WITH AR TECHNOLOGY
Caroffino, Carl J.
Guerrero, Michael J.
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The military decision-making process (MDMP) involves the critical task of analyzing the terrain to ensure mission success. However, traditional terrain analysis methods, such as two-dimensional (2D) analog maps, PowerPoint presentations, and mission command systems, are resource-intensive, time-consuming, and can confuse decision-makers. Therefore, this research focused on the use of the mobile, head-mounted augmented reality (AR) display technology for three-dimensional (3D) terrain visualization to address these challenges. AR technology lets users observe virtual objects superimposed onto their physical surroundings, yielding an enhanced immersive experience. The tool allows users to view and manipulate the terrain in 3D, add representations of military resources, examine the resulting configuration, and engage in MDMP. The usability study assessed the effectiveness, efficiency, and user satisfaction with the interface, focusing on 3D visualization tasks, extraction of derivative terrain information, and unit placements in a contested wet gap crossing scenario. The results showed that the AR terrain visualization prototype provided decision-makers with more comprehensive and accurate information, leading to successful mission planning and execution. This research highlights the potential of 3D terrain visualization and AR technology to improve the MDMP, provide decision-makers with a better understanding of the environment, and enable them to make more informed decisions.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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