National Defense Budgeting and Congressional Controls
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In 1992 Jones and Bixler (Mission Financing to Realign National Defense, JAI Press) examined different factors (internalities, externalities) within the federal budget process and identified certain tendencies, trends, and relationships in congressional control over defense through the budget process. This study occurred at the end of the Cold War. The national security situation of the United States has been quite different over the past 20 years. Further, the federal budget context has been different as mandatory spending has taken a larger share and budget surpluses were achieved and lost. Debates over the right level of spending are increasing now as both fiscal and security issues are driving Congress, Department of Defense (DoD), and the White House to reexamine defense spending. This project examines the assertions in Jones and Bixler to determine if they remain valid through comparisons of their Cold War data with data collected during a relative period of peace (post-Cold War to 9/11) and a period of war (post 9/11 to 2011).
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