Situational awareness data requirements for a combat identification network
Allegretti, Benjamin P.
Brinkley, Douglas E.
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The modern battlefield is extremely lethal. Many weapons systems provide the capability to engage a target far in excess of the range at which positive target identification can be made. This capability increases the likelihood of inadvertent engagement of friendly forces or, fratricide. Numerous initiatives have been undertaken to provide solutions to reduce fratricide. These solutions generally focus in one of two areas: target identification or situational awareness. Several situational awareness systems are under development. The Marine Corps has explored the concept of improving situational awareness through a mobile network application; however, the requirements for this system are not well understood. One method of identifying the situational awareness requirements, which was used in this research, was through simulation. Three simulated combat environments were modeled (urban, mixed, and mountainous desert terrain) and the interaction of forces in the environments was observed. Based on the observations and the author's experience, conclusions were drawn about the requirements for a network situational awareness system. Principle findings of this research include system update rates, visual display resolution, and when situational awareness or target identification systems are preferred.
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