Who responds and how long does it take: assigning fire station areas of responsibility
Evans, James A.
Dell, Robert F.
Wood, R. Kevin
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The city of Monterey, California, provides fire protection and emergency medical response (FP&EMR) for the city of Monterey, an Army facility and two adjoining communities. The city currently maintains three full-time fire stations. Within the city's boundaries lies the US Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), which currently provides its own FP&EMR, but the city is evaluating the possibility of providing this service for NPS. This thesis develops models to predict response times from NPS and city stations to emergency locations and combines these models with an optimization model to evaluate how optimal response times would vary with and without the NPS station. Results indicate that the city would marginally satisfy federal response-time requirements for NPS by operating only its current three stations: Average response is acceptable, but the variance is not. However, if the city operates the NPS station and only two of its current stations, estimated response times improve over the status quo, and variance is acceptable. Based on data for one year, city operation of all four stations would provide a 7.5% reduction in total estimated response time compared to the status quo, while using two stations plus the NPS station would provide a 4.9% reduction
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