Collective security as a means for regional stability in Northeast Asia
Olsen, Edward A.
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This thesis evaluates the applicability of a collective security system to Northeast Asian states as a means for regional stability in the future. The current bilateral security system will not fit with the future security environment because of three coming changes in this region: (1) Korean reunification; (2) a conspicuous reduction of the US security role; and (3) a future confrontational power structure between China and Japan. According to the theoretical perspectives of realists, institutionalists, and constructivists, there should be five conditions for the success for collective security: (1) positive identities, (2) shared interests, (3) institutions to control states' behaviors, (4) information, and (5) interactions between institutions and states. The case studies of the Locarno Pact and NATO confirms this. For the Northeast Asian states, it would be very difficult to form positive identities and share common security interests at present. However, as long as a future balance of power structure is not desirable for regional stability, the Northeast Asian states should set the goal of collective security for their co- prosperity in the future. They can establish a collective security system through the following steps: (1) the settlement of historical and ideological enmities; (2) confidence building; (3) establishment of a Northeast Asian institution for security cooperation; and (4) institutionalization of collective security
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