Publication:
Design and prototype development of an optimum symmetrical number system direction finding array

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Authors
Papandreou, Panayiotis
Subjects
Direction Finding antennas
Symmetrical number Systems
Advisors
Pace, Phillip E.
Jenn, David C.
Date of Issue
1997-03
Date
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
One method of estimating the direction of an electromagnetic source is based on phase comparison. In this thesis the design and fabrication of a prototype antenna to demonstrate a new DF antenna architecture is described. Four antenna elements are grouped into three pairs with element spacing according to a set of symmetrical number system pairwise relatively prime moduli (m1 = 3, m2 = 4, m3=5). The phase difference between each pair of elements is a symmetrical folding waveform that is determined using a mixer. The output voltage from each pair is amplitude analyzed using a small comparator ladder. In each channel, the symmetrically folding waveform, folds in accordance with the channel modulus and thus, only requires a precision according to that modulus. A high resolution DF is achieved after the N different SNS moduli are used and the results of these low-precision channels are recombined to yield the direction of arrival. The frequency of operation of the prototype is 8.5 GHz. Results based on measured and simulated data are resented
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Electrical and Computer Engineering
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Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
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Copyright is reserved by the copyright owner.
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