Development of a dynamic model for a UAV
Papageorgiou, Evangelos C
Kaminer, Isaac I.
Howard Richard M.
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Moments of inertia were experimentally determined and the longitudinal and lateral/directional static and dynamic stability and control derivatives were estimated for a fixed wing Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV). High fidelity, non-linear equations of motion were derived and tailored for use on the specific aircraft. Computer modeling of these resulting equations was employed both in Matlab/Simulink and in Matrix(sub x)/Systembuild. The resulting computer model was linearized at a specific flight condition, and the dynamics of the aircraft were predicted. Several flight tests were conducted at a nearby airfield and the behavior of the aircraft was compared to that of the computer model. The longitudinal dynamics as depicted by the short period mode were found to be almost identical with those predicted by the non-linear computer model. The phugoid mode was also observed and found to be in close agreement. In the lateral/directional dynamics, flight test was employed to improve the model and the parameters were modified to obtain a better math. Ultimately a reasonably accurate non-linear model was achieved as required for purposes of control and navigation system design
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