Discrete-mode source development and testing for new seismo-acoustic sonar
Gaghan, Frederick E.
Steven R. Baker
Thomas G. Muir
Muir Thomas G.
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A seismo-acoustic sonar concept that uses guided interface waves (Rayleigh or Scholte) is being developed to detect buried ordnance in the sea floor and beach sediments. This thesis describes the initial research conducted into the design, construction, and field testing of possible seismic sources that excite preferentially the interface waves desired for use in such a system. The theory of elasticity shows that seismic interface waves have elliptical particle velocity orbits in the vertical plane along the path of propagation. It was therefore decided that to selectively excite the desired interface waves, a harmonic source employed at the interface must induce elliptical particle motion in this plane. Several exploratory sources were developed to produce this type of excitation. Field tests of the discrete-mode sources developed were conducted to evaluate this hypothesis, but due to the non-optimum nature of the experimental sources, perfect discrete source excitation was not obtained. However, it was found that the medium itself acted as a selective filter for the interface waves after a few tens of meters of propagation. The experimental results obtained here suggest that the basic concept of discrete-mode excitation looks promising
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