Diurnal variation over the tropical monsoon regions during northern summer 1991
Jiminez, Greg M
Chu, Peter C.
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This study examines diurnal variation of convection over western India, the Bay of Bengal, Indochina and the northern South China Sea during the 1991 northern summer monsoon using combined Japanese (GMS) and Indian (INSAT) geostationary satellite data, ECMWF 850 hPa wind data, and NCEP sea surface temperature analyses. The diurnal cycle is examined in terms of spatial and temporal structure prior to onset and during the monsoon. The northern South China Sea is examined to determine how different periods of synoptic influences resulted in an anomalously strong diurnal signal during June. The wind and SST data are used to examine the relationship between the diurnal variation of convection and both low level convergence and vertical latent heat fluxes. Convection over west India is most common during May and June and starts as a diurnal system over land that becomes organized and propagates westward over the east Arabian Sea. The Bay of Bengal follows the classic land-sea breeze model and convection is modulated by convergence between the land breeze and large- scale monsoon flow. The diurnal cycle is generally enhanced over the ocean during active phases of convective activity. The maximum latent heat fluxes generally occurs prior to maximum convection due to strong monsoon flow enhancing evaporation
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