Examination of time-reversal acoustics in shallow water and applications to underwater communications
Abrantes, Antonio Adolfo Mendes
Smith, Kevin B.
Fargues, Monique P.
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Time-varying multipath propagation is considered the most important difficulty in shallow underwater acoustic (UWA) communications. To compensate for the time variability of the channel, the receiver must use an adaptive algorithm for adjusting its parameters. At high symbol rates, intersymbol interference caused by multipath propagation requires large adaptive filters, increasing the computational complexity at the receiver end. This thesis presents a time-reversal acoustic technique (implemented with a phase-conjugated array of PCA) that generates a spatio-temporal focus of acoustic energy at the receiver location which reduces distortions introduced by channel propagation (including multipath), allowing the use of low-complexity receivers. Numerical analysis shows that for different PCA geometries (element spacing and aperture sizes), the PCA focus footprint does not appear to significantly change its dimensions. Furthermore, the aperture size plays a more significant role than the number of array elements in a PC array design. Specific examples of novel UWA communication systems utilizing time-reversal focusing are introduced. Current simulation results suggest the potential for high data transfer rates compared to existing noncoherent UWA communication systems.
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