Explosive ordnance disposal associate - an expert system for landmine identification
Arcangeli, Paul J.
Ludlow, Nelson D.
Jones, Carl R.
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Today there are over 110 million mines scattered across 60 countries, and these mines kill or injure more than 26,000 people annually. In order for deminers to remove these mines, they must be able to quickly and accurately identify them. Existing methods for landmine identification involve tedious searching through reference books. This thesis presents an expert system for landmine identification, based on the set of thirty Bosnian mines from the MineFacts landmine database. The user is queried about the landmine, and heuristics are applied to the answers which are then used to calculate other information about the mine. This information is then filtered through decision trees to generate a small group of candidates which are displayed with a photo and confidence factor. The system was modeled and tested using a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. The system can narrow candidates to within two choices when all queries are correctly answered and to within three candidates when 70% of the queries are correctly answered. The results show that this technique has potential for all types of ordnance identification. A similar 5 stem could be implemented to cover all UXO for EOD use and as a reconnaissance tool b non-EOD trained individuals
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