Point Loma reballast stability study
Miner, Michael A
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Large scale model studies of the Point Loma sewer outfall (San Diego, California) were performed at the O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory, Oregon State University, in order to determine the stability of a proposed armor mound structure. Two scale models were constructed, one at 1:24 scale and one at 1:33.6. The 1:24 scale model was tested at Froude scaling of 1:24, 1:28.8, and 1:33.6 to examine median prototype armor stone diameters of 20 inches, 24 inches and 28 inches. The 1:33.6 scale model was tested only at the 1:33.6 Froude scaling. Both monochromatic and random wave conditions were modeled at prototype periods between 12 and 20 seconds. The outfall pipe outside diameter was 128 inches, prototype. Experimental data were measured with five resistive type wave gauges and two acoustic current meters. Test runs were also video recorded from two underwater and one above water location. Test conditions are presented in tabular form. Hydrodynamic properties are shown in non-dimensional graphs and are compared to one theoretical model. Surveys were taken of the mound structure at scale changes and showed the greatest armor loss to be at the mound shoulders. The final stable stone size as determined by these tests and video monitoring is a 28 inch prototype stone. The greatest measured horizontal velocities in a test series (up to 19 ft/sec, prototype) usually resulted in some armor rock motion unless the prototype wave period was greater than 18 seconds. The 28 inch diameter stone remained stable for monochromatic prototype wave heights of 75 feet or less
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