Response of the South China Sea to forcing by Tropical Cyclone Ernie (1996)
Veneziano, Joseph M.
Chu, Peter C.
Carron, Michael J.
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The South China Sea (SCS) response to forcing by Tropical Cyclone Ernie (1996) was studied numerically using the Princeton Ocean Model (POM) with 20 km horizontal resolution and 23 sigma levels onforming to a realistic bottom topography. A fourteen day experiment was conducted using a wind model that allowed for temporal variations of its translational speed, size and intensity. Restoring type salt and heat fluxes were used along with seasonal inflow/outflow at the open boundaries. The POM adequately simulated ocean responses to tropical cyclone forcing. Near-surface ocean responses simulated by the POM included strong asymmetrical divergent currents with near-inertial oscillations, significant sea surface temperature cooling, biased to the right of the storm track, and sea surface depressions in the wake of the storm. Subsurface responses included intense upwelling and cooling at the base of the mixed layer to the right of the storm track. Several unique features, caused by coastal interactions with storm forcing, were also simulated by the model. Along the coast of Luzon a sub-surface alongshore jet was formed, a warm anomaly off the northern tip of Luzon was significantly enhanced by surface layer convergence and storm surges simulated along the coasts of Luzon and Vietnam.
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