Simulation of the dynamic behavior of explosion gas bubbles in a compressible fluid medium
Chisum, James E.
Shin, Young S.
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Data from one-dimensional (spherically symmetric) analyses was used to examine the effects of compressibility and gas energy on the dynamic behavior of an explosion gas bubble, by comparing the bubble's behavior with experimental results and with analytical results which neglect these factors. Results from two-dimensional (axially symmetric) analyses were used to investigate the behavior of a deep explosion gas bubble in the vicinity of plane rigid or constant pressure boundaries. Previous analytical research into explosion gas bubbles near such boundaries has primarily led to results of a qualitative nature, owing to a complete breakdown of the assumptions made in the analysis at the critical juncture. In the present investigation, it was found possible to characterize the effect of the boundary surface on both the change in the first oscillation period of the bubble and its location at the end of the first oscillation cycle. For a broad range of bubble-boundary standoff distances, these semi-empirical characterizations have a functional form particularly suitable for extension of the quantitative results of this investigation to other explosive charge types, weights, and depths, as has been done for the Willis formula for the free-field oscillation period of explosion gas bubbles.
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