Study of U.S. military officers commissioned through ROTC and the Service Academies
Eitelberg, Mark J.
Hildebrandt, Gregory G.
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This thesis compares the performance of officers who have been commissioned through the U.S. Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) with that of their counterparts who are graduates of the Service Academies. The study is intended to assist the Republic of China Department of Defense in designing its ROTC program and in establishing measures of program effectiveness. A special data base, developed by the Defense Manpower Data Center, was used as the basis for statistical analysis. The data base includes all U.S. officers who were commissioned in 1977, and allows for the tracking of officers longitudinally through promotion to 0-5. The comparison of performance focuses on promotion rates to 0-4 and 0-5 and the retention experiences of officers in all armed forces, using logistic regression analysis. The results indicate that the U.S. ROTC program is successful in attracting high-quality officers to a career in military service. The success rates of ROTC officers are especially evident in ROTC scholarship programs and in programs administered by the U.S. Air Force. The effects of various demographic variables are also estimated. Further research of U.S. ROTC programs is recommended to aid the government of Taiwan in establishing a similar system for commissioning military officers
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