Transient localization in shallow water environments
Smith, Kevin B.
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In this work, the robustness of a simple, Bartlett-type processor based on matching broadband signal autocorrelation functions is investigated. Measures of robustness to be examined include the size of the localization footprint on the ambiguity surface and the peak-to-sidelobe levels in the presence of environmental mismatch and noise. A full-wave PE model is used to produce broadband replicas. Both model-generated synthetic signals, which provide baseline results, and measured pulses in a shallow water environment are analyzed. This work suggests that environmental mismatch has a more significant effect on the localization performance than noise. It also suggests that, as long as the noise level is not higher than the signal level, the localization performance will not be significantly affected. This is to be expected, since for white noise the majority of the influence on the autocorrelation function occurs at zero lag which has been removed in the localization algorithms. It is also shown that the autocorrelation matching in the time-domain is generally more useful for smaller bandwidths at low frequencies, which has been observed in previous work, whereas the autocorrelation matching in the frequency-domain is better suited for larger bandwidths and higher frequencies
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