Methods for digital simulation of military conflict situations
Johnson, James E.
Cotton, Mitchell L.
Cotton, Mitchell L.
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Digital computers are used in several ways to simulate military situations. Three types of these simulations are examined: an off-line simulation using a special simulation language (MILITRAN), a very similar off-line simulation using a general purpose language (FORTRAN 63), and an on-line simulation using FORTRAN 60 and FORTRAN Symbolic. The essential features of a simulation language are identified. These features lead to the identification of a class of problems for which the simulation language is superior to the general purpose language. A sample problem is coded in both MILITRAN and FORTRAN 63. An appendix contains a description of KILITRAN in a format allowing a convenient comparison of features with other languages available at USNPGS. An on-line simulation is presented. It employs and demonstrates some possibilities of the satellite mode of the CDC-1604. On-line simulations are seen to possess advantages over off-line simulations for a large class of users. Areas where these advantages should be more fully exploited are noted. An appendix contains detailed instructions for writing an on-line simulation for the USNPGS satellite system. The portion of this work involving MILITRAN was accomplished while the author was on temporary duty with ONR in Washington, D.C., during the summer of 1964. The remainder of the work was accomplished at USNPGS.
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