A study of certain motivational patterns in the United States Navy submarine service
Draddy, John Mangin
Senger, John D.
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1069 questionnaires from officers and men of 44 submarines of the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific Fleets were analyzed to determine existing motivations for service in the Navy and in submarines, and to compare the level of perceived need satisfactions with perceived need importance. Significant differences between the motivational patterns of officers and enlisted men were discovered, with the officers general more "job motivated" than the enlisted. The implications of pay as a "motivator" were discussed. Minor differences were found among the sub-populations of the enlisted sample, particularly among different types of submarines. The fleet ballistic missile submarine group appeared to be the most highly "job oriented" and the diesel-electric group the most "group or boat oriented". The nuclear attack submarine group appeared to be the least satisfied of the three submarine groups. The most significant deficiency perceived by all enlisted groups was the lack of trust and authority granted them for independent judgment and actions.
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