Nearshore wave and current dynamics
Morris, Bruce J.
Thornton, Edward B.
MetadataShow full item record
Mean cross-shore wave height transformation and alongshore currents observed on near-planar and barred beaches are compared with predictions based on the nearshore numerical model Delft3D. Delft3D solves the two-dimensional, depth-averaged, momentum balance (2-DH) between forcing (by breaking waves and variations in mean surface elevation), changes in momentum flux, bottom stress and lateral mixing. The observations were acquired on the near-planar California beaches at Torrey Pines and Santa Barbara and the barred beach at Duck, N.C., and include a wide range of conditions with maximum mean currents of 1.5 m/s. The model has two free parameters, a depth dependent breaking term, a, and the bed roughness length, s k . An empirical formula to determine a a priori from the deep-water wave steepness and bed slope is developed, showing good agreement in the wave height transformation. Including rollers in the wave forcing results in improved predictions of the observed alongshore current structure by shifting the predicted velocity maxima shoreward and increasing the velocity in the trough of the bar compared with model predictions without rollers. On near-planar beaches and high-energy events on barred beaches, a one-dimensional (alongshore uniform bathymetry) model performs as well as 2-DH. On barred beaches under moderate conditions when alongshore non-uniform bathymetry prevails, the 2-DH model performs better than the 1-D model, particularly in the bar-trough region. Wave forcing balances the bottom stress with a second balance between alongshore variation in the mean surface elevation (pressure gradients) and the inertia of the alongshore current. v
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Brookins, A. Henry. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1993-06);A wave height transformation model is developed using surface roller theory. Roller energy production is included in the energy flux balance equation to predict rms wave height for randomly varying, irregular waves over ...
Cacina, Nasuh (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1989-09);A model forecasting the wave height and the longshore current distribution inside the surf zone based on the formulations by Thornton and Guza (1983), (1986), are applied to an extensive set of both laboratory and field ...
Faria, Antonio Fernando Garcez (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1995-09);The long shore current maximum observed in the trough of a barred beach during the nearshore dynamics experiment DELILAH at Duck, North Carolina, is not predicted by present theory. The simplest longshore curren models ...