A computationally efficient algorithm for disturbance cancellation to meet the requirements for optical payloads in satellites
Taranti, Christian Giorgio Roberto.
Agrawal, Brij N.
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Vibration control is a very important issue in satellites. The new high- resolution digital imaging devices are especially sensitive to vibrations. Antennas used in laser communications also require a very quiet environment so that their performance is not degraded. The Stewart platform is capable of isolating an optical payload from the noisy spacecraft bus. Until recently, only passive methods were used in all vibration isolation applications. Recent advances in Digital Signal Processing techniques made the development of vibration control algorithms possible, but these usually require large computational power. This work explores using a computationally efficient vibration-isolation method for optical payloads by using hexapods. The method suppresses the vibration at the assigned frequencies and does not affect unassigned frequencies if the plant is linear. The mathematical analysis includes convergence analysis and the effect of unassigned frequencies in the output. The computational requirements of the algorithm is evaluated and is compared to the Multiple- Error Least Mean Square. The method is very robust to nonlinearities; its performance is comparable to the Multiple-Error Least Mean Square with a fraction of the computational time and memory requirements. Also it requires very little plant knowledge. Theoretical results are verified through simulations using a Single-Input/Single-Output plant and a nonlinear hexapod model. The controller was also experimentally validated in two different hexapods and the performance was found to be similar to or better than the performance obtained with the Multiple-Error Least Mean Square method when a noisy reference signal is used.
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