High radar resolution with the step frequency waveform
Paulose, Abraham Thomas
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High range resolution can be obtained using a number of methods including ultra-wideband radar, intrapulse pulse compression, and super- resolution techniques. This thesis investigates the achievement of high radar range resolution by means of the step frequency waveform. The key advantage of the step frequency approach compared to other methods is the wide total bandwidth resulting in high range resolution while still maintaining a narrow instantaneous bandwidth which eases A/D sampling requirements. The effects of various waveform parameters on the high resolution range profile are determined for both noise and clutter limited environments. A novel technique is developed which enhances the resolution of moving targets in clutter and estimates the target velocity. This method consists of clutter cancellation followed by successive velocity compensations. Finally, design methods are developed to optimize system performance in a low PRF mode for both noise and clutter limited environments
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