The U.S. all volunteer army: a societal commentary to its evolution and its future
Bunyan, Philip E.
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Does the armed forces of America reflect the rest of American society? This study indicates that the formation of the U. S. all-volunteer service was a direct result of societal pressures which commenced prior to the Vietnam conflict. The basis for an all-volunteer force is to be found in the general decline of mass armies in association with the question of legitimacy. The Vietnam conflict became the finale to the U.S.'s decline process. The military has attempted to appease a number of current social trends, such as service conditions, women in the services, and the isolation syndrome; however, emerging societal pressures remain unnoticed. The all-volunteer service is here to stay; however, its quantity and quality will rely upon the ability of the military to recognize and adjust to emerging societal pressures. Emerging societal pressures have been identified and possible solutions have been recommended including a detailed examination and possible adoption of a British regimental type organization. In conclusion, a seven step flow procedure is recommended to ensure that alienation between the military and the society it protects is minimal.
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