Shape optimization of trusses subject to strength, displacement, and frequency constraints.
Felix, Jorge E.
Vanderplaats, Garret N.
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Three-dimensional trusses are designed for minimum weight, subject to constraints on: member stresses, Euler buckling, joint displacements and system natural frequencies. Multiple static load conditions are considered. The finite element displacement method of analysis is used and eigenvalues are calculated using the subspace iteration technique. All gradient information is calculated analytically. The design problem is cast as a multi-level numerical optimization problem. The joint coordinates are treated as system variables. For each proposed configuration, the member sizes are updated as a sub-optimization problem. This sub-problem is efficiently solved using approximation concepts in the reciprocal variable space. The multi-level approach is shown to be an effective technique which conveniently takes advantage of the most efficient methods available for the member sizing problem. Examples are presented to demonstrate the method. The optimum configuration is shown to be strongly dependent on the constraints which are imposed on the design. (Author)
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