Policymakers and Intelligence Reform in the New Democracies
Matei, Florina Cristiana
Bruneau, Thomas C.
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In all democratic systems, intelligence reform is a ‘‘Gordian knot’’ that incessantly tests decisionmakers. The onus is on them to develop and maintain intelligence systems that protect democracy and are democratically accountable, while, at the same time, engage in secret operations. This challenge has no clear solution. As experts at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) put it, ‘‘the nature of intelligence is such that the balance between secrecy and democracy will always be a delicate one to strike.’’1 In well-established democracies, policymakers have developed mechanisms to tackle the ‘‘democracy–intelligence’’ dilemma, yet these mechanisms are relentlessly being revised and reworked. In new democracies, however, decision makers must create these mechanisms from ground zero, and do not always succeed in balancing effectiveness with transparency. In those that do succeed, decision makers face numerous challenges, yet they may, after long and protracted endeavors, eventually manage to accommodate effectiveness and transparency. Both interest and willingness (whether self-initiated or due to outside pressure and=or incentives) on the part of policymakers are paramount in successful intelligence reform.
The article of record as published may be located at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08850607.2011.598784
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