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dc.contributor.authorO'Connor, Paul
dc.contributor.authorButtrey, Samuel E.
dc.contributor.authorO'Dea, Angela
dc.contributor.authorKennedy, Quinn
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-24T18:38:32Z
dc.date.available2016-02-24T18:38:32Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationO’Connor, P., Buttrey, S, O’Dea, A., & Kennedy, Q. (2011).Identifying and addressing the limitations of safety climate surveys. Journal of Safety Research, 42, 259-265.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/48012
dc.description.abstractThere are a variety of qualitative and quantitative tools for measuring safety climate. However, questionnaires are by far the most commonly used methodology. This paper reports the descriptive analysis of a large sample of safety climate survey data (n=110,014) collected over ten years from U.S. Naval aircrew using the Command Safety Assessment Survey (CSAS). The analysis demonstrated that there was substantial non-random response bias associated with the data (the reverse worded items had a unique pattern of responses, there was a increasing tendency over time to only provide a modal response, the responses to the same item towards the beginning and end of the questionnaire did not correlate as highly as might be expected, and the faster the questionnaire was completed the higher the frequency of modal responses). It is suggested that the non-random responses bias was due to the negative effect on participant motivation of a number of factors (questionnaire design, lack of a belief in the importance of the response, participant fatigue, and questionnaire administration). Researchers must consider the factors that increase the likelihood of non- random measurement error in safety climate survey data and cease to rely on data that are solely collected using a long and complex questionnaire.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis paper was supported by funding from the Defense Safety Oversight Councilen_US
dc.format.extent27 p.en_US
dc.publisherJournal of Safety Researchen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleIdentifying and addressing the limitations of safety climate surveysen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.corporateNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentOperations Researchen_US
dc.subject.authorSafety climateen_US
dc.subject.authorSafety cultureen_US
dc.subject.authorSurveyen_US
dc.subject.authorQuestionnaireen_US
dc.subject.authorMeasurement erroren_US


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