Effectiveness of Fluoride in Preventing Caries in Adults
MetadataShow full item record
To date, no systematic reviews have found fluoride to be effective in preventing dental caries in adults. The objective of this meta-analysis was to examine the effectiveness of self- and professionally applied fluoride and water fluoridation among adults. We used a random- effects model to estimate the effect size of fluoride (absolute difference in annual caries increment or relative risk ratio) for all adults aged 20+ years and for adults aged 40+ years. Twenty studies were included in the final body of evidence. Among studies published after/during 1980, any fluoride (self- and professionally applied or water fluoridation) annually averted 0.29 (95%CI: 0.16- 0.42) carious coronal and 0.22 (95%CI: 0.08-0.37) carious root surfaces. The prevented fraction for water fluoridation was 27% (95%CI: 19%-34%). These findings suggest that fluoride prevents caries among adults of all ages.
The article of record as published may be found at https://doi.org/10.1177/154405910708600504A supplemental appendix to this article is published electronically only at http://www.dentalresearch.org.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The STEP Model: Characterizing Simultaneous Time Effects on Practice for Flight Simulator Performance Among Middle-Aged and Older Pilots Kennedy, Quinn; Taylor, Joy; Noda, Art; Yesavage, Jerome; Lazzeroni, Laura C. (HHS Public Access, 2015-09);Understanding the possible effects of the number of practice sessions (practice) and time between practice sessions (interval) among middle-aged and older adults in real world tasks has important implications for skill ...
Tam, Jenny K. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2009-09);Over 90% of teens in the United States use the Internet, and many use it for social interaction. Due to the faceless nature of digital communication, criminals can easily pose as legitimate users to build friendship and ...
Carlson, Heidi M. (Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2006-09);The growth and development of democratic regimes across the globe has been of particular interest to political scientists over the last several decades. The question of what is an appropriate and relevant regime depends ...